1. Fort Sumter

2. 3 events that led to war:

3. Secession

4. First Bull Run

5. Stonewall Jackson

6. George McClellan

7. Robert E. Lee

8. 7 days Battle

9. Ironclads

10. Anaconda Plan

11. Vicksburg

12. Shiloh

13. Emancipation Proclamation

14. Gettysburg Address

15. Gettysburg

16. Picketts Change

17. William Sherman

18. Wilderness Campaign

19. Appomatox

20. John Wilkes Booth

The War in the West Holt pages 522-525 assessment

1.A) Ulysses S. Grant focused his campaign on taking control of the Mississippi River to cut off the Confederacy into two parts as well as use bases on the river to attack other forts downriver. He was also the strategic victor in the battle of Shiloh, and later laid the Siege of Vicksburg.
B) When the South attacked the unsuspecting Union forces, both sides lost thousands of troops and both armies pulled out in the end, being tactically inconclusive. However, it was a victory for the Union since the battle let them advance down the river.
C) I think President Lincoln didn’t have too much trouble with what General Grant was doing, but it may have made him sad that the number of all the casualties lost unexpectedly was tremendous at the Battle of Shiloh.

2. A) At night, Admiral Farragut decided to race past the forts guarding New Orleans and stealthy attack New Orleans. He chained his wooden ships to make them like ironclads and covered them with mud. They even tied trees to the boats to make them appear like a faraway shore.
B) The civilians were under shelling, running out of food, cold, and eating whatever they could when the food started to run low.
C) If the city didn’t eventually surrender because of the siege, they might when the Confederacy surrenders as a nation unconditionally. A more depressing way would be to siege them and weaken the forces and then strike the city with the Confederate forces tired and hungry.

5-14-09 assessment 1
1.a. When the South attacked Union forces at Fort Sumter, the Civil war was triggered into existence.
B)The North had to invade and control the South quickly, so troops were far from home, having to maintain long supply lines. the south, on the contrary, wanted to wear down the north when they came and then strike at washington, D.C.
C)The North was slightly more prepared for the war because they had more people, a stronger economy, and more money for supplies.

2.A) Many women became nurses during the war.
B) The north didn’t have all their men trained, even though many volunteered. As for the South, they didn’t have as many supplies, troops, and money as the Union side.

5-14-09 assessment 1

1.a. The south won the battles of Bull run, and the seven days battle, another Confederate victory.
b. The Union underestimated the South and their knowledge of the enemy was lacking

2.a.the south made the mistake of dividing their troops.
b.Immensely large amount of lives, supplies, and resources were lost into the battle. Neither side gained in terms of tactical warfare.
c..General McLellan was always hesitant when advancing, and was probably afraid of more Southern reinforcements.

3.a. the Union wanted to make a blockade armada around the South to stop trade from Europe.
b. Ironclads could carry a heavier load, allowing them to carry more supplies and heavier guns. They were also able to take more damage than wooden ships.

Brown vs. The Board of Education:

Frankly, this case changed a lot of things and was a very large decision of the Supreme Court. First of all, when a group of parents in Kansas couldn’t enroll their kids in nearby white schools. In the case of the named plaintiff Mr. Brown, his daughter couldn’t be accepted into a white school which was as close as the bus stop to the faraway segregated school. When all of the parents with their children were rejected and directed back to the segregated ones, they took legal action. The district court was in favor of the Kansas Board of Education but the Supreme Court reviewed the case and after a series of cases, there was a unanimous court-ruling in favor of the thirteen plaintiffs. Because of the social benefits of non-segregated schools, I definitely agree with the ruling. Although many people reacted harshly to the outcome of this case, it’s definitely better not to distinguish that there is even any need for segregation, as an equal people. Before it was very detrimental on the black children’s population who lived in areas of segregation in schools. Today as we can see, it’s much better and nothing is wrong with this issue. Why did Jefferson want to explore the West?
Jefferson mostly wanted the expedition for a venture into the future and to learn more about this land that had been added to the great United States. He saw it as a great opportunity and he wanted to know about it.

1. How many Supreme Court Justices are there?
2. What is the Supreme Court? What does it do?
The Supreme court is the highest court in the U.S. and chief authority in the Judicial Branch. They stand as a ultimate authority on interpreting the Constitution.
3. What was the Judiciary Act of 1789? What is Judicial Review?
The 1789 Judiciary Act set up the judicial branch and types of courts, with lower courts and specialized offices and a stronger system. Judicial Review is the review of governmental actions to see if they were really constitutional
4. What was the Marbury v. Madison case?
A case when a man could not be given his job because the government did not have the power to help him. The idea is the judicial review is born here when the judicial branch reviews what powers the government has under constitutional bounds

Why was Lewis an ideal leader?
He had a way of coolly dealing with things, with great integrity and character, and was Jefferson’s right hand man. He was also intelligent.

What kind of man was William Clark?
Clark had a way of finding solutions for the group and being strong when the group needed it. He was also an excellent cartographer.

Who was Sacagawea, and how did she aid the mission?
Sacagawea was a Shoshone Indian who was the wife of a man named Charbonneau. She helped daily and helped present the Corps as a more peaceful expedition; here with sacagawea, a Native American with them is a sign or flag of peace between the Indians and the Corps.

What was life like for York during the expedition?
York was definitely a team player and helped out around, contributing to the work and burdens. He was also a joy in everyone else’s hearts and part of the family and team. He was also fascinating to the Indians whom they met along the way.

How did Lewis and Clark deal with the Indians they encountered?
They would have a way of showing the modernizations and objects of their culture, and then learn about their culture, establish trade, and then telling of a Great Father and telling them to stop waging wars on other tribes.

What kinds of animals did Lewis and Clark discover?
From prairie dogs to buffalo to grizzlies to insects, they encountered many kinds of fauna.

What are some of the lesser known stories on the expedition?
Whiskey was important to daily life and morale. Naming places would just go to personal members of the expedition or what the place simply looked like. The Corps also brought along a dog, Seaman.

What was the historical significance of the expedition?
The expedition was kind of a legend of these two men with a Corps of Discovery off to explore the West for the future, opening the door for all of us and the team, with a confident purpose, managed to do so much.

Chapter 7 Section 1

1.A. In the electoral college Washington won the vote within each state, so he received every electoral, thus George Washington was elected unanimously.

b.Martha Washington entertained guests and attended social events as the First Lady; “running the household with style”

2.A. As the First President, George Washington’s Administration would have to serve as an example for all presidents to follow.

b.The Judiciary Act of 1789 set up three levels of courts and described how they would work with the state courts

3.A. New York City was the first Capital of the United States

b.Although most Americans generally wanted the normal expectations of improved trade, personal freedom, protection and economic stability, many rural residents wished for fair taxes and the right to settle in the West; they didn’t want the government to interfere with their daily lives. Most Americans were rural at the time; middle-class townsfolk wanted the government to help them with their business by simpler trade and less foreign competition.
c.No; although New York City is a large city and very important in many commercial and economic aspects, the government is well-established in Washington, D.C. and in a way, putting a capital in a state may or may not give officials from the state more charge over running the government

Chapter 7 Section 2

1A. The states faced a large amount of war debt to pay off and the U.S. owed a lot of bonds

bThe capital city was moved from New York to Philadelphia and then Washington, D.C. to bargain with Southern officials to help pay for the plan; the plan of which would help pay for the States’ debts

2.A. When it came to the government, Hamilton wanted a strong federal government while Jefferson wanted more power to the States and people.

B. Hamilton was from New York, a mostly urban state. Most urban residents of America at the time wanted help on their businesses and the economy, and Hamilton may have known how the federal government works for the cities. Jefferson, being from a rural background, might have seen how the people would thrive and based his opinion there.
c.I think Hamilton’s view was probably better on how the government should be set up, there should be more power to the central government because most of the officials are more informed and thus can be better suited to lead, people still have power in this system and still have the ability to make a difference.

3.A. Jefferson said that the Constitution did not allow the government to create a national bank; when Hamilton quoted the “elastic clause,” Jefferson said the elastic powers of the government were only to be used when “necessary, not convenient.”

b.Loose construction says the government can do more than just the Constitution says, the strict construction says the government can only use their powers enumerated in the Constitution.
c.The National Bank lets the government to safely take care of their money in a national deposit; and the bank would make loans to the government and businesses, also a national mint made money

Key Terms and People

constitution-a set of basic principles that determine the powers and duties of a government

Virginia plan-the plan for government proposed at the continental convention in which the national government would have supreme power and a legislative branch would have two houses with representation determined by state population

New Jersey Plan-a proposal to create a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states instead of representation by population. this plan was rejected at the Constitutional Convention

compromise-a settlement of differences by mutual concessions, an agreement reached by adjustment of opposing claims, principles, etc., by reciprocal modification of demands- or the result of such a settlement.

Great Compromise-in 1787, an agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention establishing that a state’s population would determine representation in the lower house of the legislature, while each state would have representation in the upper house of the legislature.

Three-fifths Compromise-in 1787, an agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention stating that enslaved people would be counted as three-fifths of a person when determining a state’s population for representation in the lower house of Congress

electoral college-a group of people selected from each of the states to cast votes in presidential elections

sources: http://www.wikipedia.org, http://my.hrw.com/tabnav/glossary.jsp, http://dictionary.reference.com


The idea is that Popular Sovereignty should primarily govern the nation; the main power of the government should definitely come from the people. The people are what constitute the nation, and the government itself.
Slaves should have the right to be treated as people. They are still human beings and deserve every human right each person has.
Because all humans should deserve to be free and not serving others by force, slavery should be outlawed.
The executive branch enforces the final go-through of laws or actions. If a single person were to make up this branch, it may mean more decisiveness and less disupte; however, he or she may feel more pressure or make hasty decisions.
The people should be the deciders of the chief executive, the President. If the state exist s on popular sovereign the idea is that the people are the ones whom the government is working to protect and regulate. To govern. so, the people of the nation have the rights to elect the leader of not only the government, but of the country.